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Habefast Glossary Web


The web has become an integral part of our daily lives, connecting people around the world through a web of information, knowledge, and communication. Since its invention in 1989 by Sir Tim Berners-Lee, the web has grown exponentially from a simple collection of static web pages to an interconnected global network of websites, social networks, blogs, forums, online videos and many other online services.

The web has become an essential tool for many people, whether they are connecting with friends and family, searching for information, shopping online, working remotely or even managing important business.

The web, definition

The web, also known as the World Wide Web or simply “www”, is a global communication and information system that provides access to documents linked by hypertext, often called “web pages”. It is accessible via the Internet and allows users to browse, interact and share information through websites, social networks, blogs and many other online services. The web is often considered one of the most important developments of the digital age, connecting people and cultures around the world and allowing quick and easy access to information and resources.

The web, difference from the Internet

The web and the Internet are two different terms that are often confused. In simple terms, the Internet is a global network of computer networks that allows the transmission of data across the world, while the web is one of many online services that use the Internet to provide information and services to users.

To be more precise, the Internet is the global computer network that connects millions of computers, servers, and devices around the world, enabling communication and data exchange between them. The Internet is an open and decentralized system, which allows all connected computers to communicate with each other, regardless of the operating system or hardware used.

The web, on the other hand, is a system that uses the Internet to provide information in the form of web pages. The web is a specific application of the Internet, which allows users to access information through web browsers such as Chrome, Firefox, Safari, etc. The web uses a technology called hypertext, which allows web pages to be linked to each other, creating a network of links that allows users to navigate between different web pages.

In summary, the Internet is the physical network that allows the transmission of data, while the web is a specific service that uses the Internet to provide information in the form of web pages.

What are the 3 basic principles of the web?

  • The URI (Uniform Resource Identifier):

The URI is a notation system that uniquely identifies web resources, such as web pages, images, videos, etc. The URI is used to create links between different web resources, allowing users to easily navigate between pages and websites.

  • HTTPS (Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure):

HTTP is a communication protocol that allows data transfer between web servers and web browsers. HTTP is used to transfer information such as web pages, images, videos, and other types of data. HTTPS (Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure) is an extension of HTTP that uses an SSL/TLS encryption layer to secure communications between the server and the browser. HTTPS has become increasingly important because it provides additional security by encrypting the data exchanged between the server and the browser, making it more difficult for hackers to intercept or manipulate the data. In addition, websites that use HTTPS are often considered more secure and may rank higher in search results. To switch from HTTP to HTTPS, a website must obtain an SSL/TLS certificate from a Certificate Authority. This certificate ensures that the data exchanged between the server and the browser is secure. Once the SSL/TLS certificate is installed on the server, the website can be configured to use HTTPS. The transition from HTTP to HTTPS can be a bit technical, but it is essential to improve the security and privacy of data exchanged on the Web. More and more websites are switching to HTTPS, and it has become a standard for modern, secure websites.

  • Hypertext Markup Language (HTML):

HTML is a markup language used to create web pages. It is used to structure and format information that is presented to users. HTML uses tags to describe the structure and formatting of elements on a web page, such as headings, paragraphs, images, links, etc.

What is a website?

The Web is a term for the global collection of web pages, their content and associated resources that are accessible via the Internet. It has revolutionized the way we find and consume information, shop online and communicate. The development of web technologies allows for the creation of static websites, using only HTML and CSS code, or dynamic pages that use programming languages such as PHP, Java, and ASP.

A website is a collection of interconnected web pages that can contain text, images, videos, and other types of multimedia content. It is accessible via the Internet using a web browser such as Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, or Safari. Websites can be created from scratch or using CMSs such as WordPress, which make it easy to create and manage content. They can be static, where content remains the same on every visit, or dynamic, where content can be changed in real time based on user interaction.

With the advent of Internet technologies and the rise of computing, websites have become an essential way for individuals, businesses, and organizations to communicate and interact with the world.

What is the role of a website?

  1. Provide information:

    A website can be used to provide information about a company, organization, product, service, event or any other topic relevant to the target audience.
  2. Facilitating business transactions:

    Many websites allow users to buy products or services online, book tickets, make appointments, fill in forms and carry out other types of business transactions.
  3. Engaging the audience:

    A website can be used to engage the audience by offering interesting and relevant content, such as blog posts, videos, podcasts, infographics, surveys, quizzes, etc.

  4.  Providing a service:

    Some websites offer online services, such as online banking, file storage services, music or video streaming services, social networking services, job search services, etc.

  5. Building brand awareness:

    A website can be used to build brand awareness by providing a consistent brand experience and using elements of design, content and functionality that reflect the brand’s values and personality.

In sum, the role of a website can vary considerably depending on its objectives and target audience, but in general it is an important means of communicating with users, providing information, facilitating business transactions, engaging the audience, and building brand awareness.

How to develop a website?

For websites to be easily navigable by users, it is essential that they are developed with proper usability, attractive design and a layout optimized for all types of devices, including mobile and tablet browsers. This is called responsive design. SEO is also important to ensure that sites appear at the top of search engine results such as Google, using relevant keywords and SEO tags. Web applications have also become increasingly popular, offering users similar functionality to mobile applications, but accessible from a browser. Web technologies such as AJAX XML enable richer and more dynamic user experiences.

Mobile application development is also on the rise, becoming an essential element for companies wishing to remain competitive. Mobile app developers use programming languages such as Java, Swift and Objective-C to create apps that can be downloaded to iOS or Android devices. To make content accessible to the public, it is crucial that sites are hosted on a secure web server with an appropriate domain name and an SSL certificate. Project managers and designer-developers work closely together, ensuring that everything complies with the web standards defined by the W3C.

Finally, knowledge of web programming, application development and design skills, as well as project management skills are essential for all of this to go smoothly. Web developers, integrators and web designers play an essential role in creating functional and attractive websites that meet the needs of users.


In conclusion, the web has become an indispensable part of our lives. It is used daily to communicate, search for information, buy products and services online, get the latest news and even for entertainment. With the rapid evolution of Internet technologies, websites continue to develop and improve to meet the growing needs of users.

Whether you are an individual, a business or an organization, it is important to understand the basics of the web to take full advantage of it. By knowing how websites work and how to use them effectively, you can access an infinite amount of information and resources and connect with people around the world.